Have you ever wondered why sometimes when you smoke you get sleepy, and sometimes you feel like dancing? Why sometimes you eat everything in sight, and others you don’t eat at all? Or perhaps you’ve wondered why some buds smell of tropical fruit or sweet mahogany, while others smell like your grandmother’s basement?
There’s an explanation: not all marijuana plants are the same. There are hundreds of different strains, with 3 major strain types, to create countless combinations of ways the plants can grow, smell, and affect the consumer.
The first strain type we’ll cover is known as Cannabis Sativa. Chances are, the leaf you picture when you think of marijuana, is a Sativa. Long and slender, these plants can grow up to 24ft tall, but generally stay in the 10-12ft range when fully mature. Sativas generally thrive outdoors, but can also be grown indoors.
What are common effects of a Sativa?
Sativa typically produce an uplifting, euphoric high that is often cerebral in nature and provides energy and creativity. Basically, if you want to go to a concert, a hike, or maybe paint a picture - Sativa is the way to go. Sativas are usually a better choice for daytime use.
Sativa buds are generally fresh, or even fruity smelling, as the plants originated in coastal and rainforest climates. They can have bright colored hairs of orange, red, blue, or purple. There also may be crystal looking structures called trichromes present on the buds.
Sativa plants can be used as remedies for such mental ailments as depression, fatigue, stress, anxiety and mild pain. Some PTSD patients choose Sativa strains as a remedy for their symptoms.
The next strain type we’ll discuss is known as Cannabis Indica. Indica leaves are shorter and wider than Sativa, and that holds true for the plants as well, which generally grow shorter and brushier. Indicas usually thrive indoors, and can be grown outdoors also.
What are common effects of an Indica?
Indicas typically provide a heavier, body relaxing high than their Sativa counterparts. If you’ve shared a smoke with some friends and not been able to get off the couch for a couple of hours, chances are that was an Indica. Known as “couchlock”, it is a common symptom associated with some Indicas. Some users experience paranoia as a side effect with some Indica strains. Due to Indica strain sedative effects, they are better suited for nighttime use.
Indica flowers, or buds, tend to be more dense than Sativas. They can also have brightly colored hairs, and can have more trichromes as well. They usually smell of earth and pine, as the plants were originally bred in the mountainous regions of India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.
Medically speaking, Indicas are typically used for various types of mild to moderate aches and pains, as well as appetite loss and especially insomnia.
The final strain type is known as a Hybrid. These plants are exactly what they sound like, and that is a hybrid between Indica and Sativa plants. Expert breeders have been tailoring Hybrid strains to perfection for years, which has created some magnificent plants.
Hybrids can be anywhere from a direct 50/50 split, to a 90/10 Indica or Sativa dominant, with the varying effects to match. Some Hybrids have been bred to provide body pain relief while lifting spirit and mind of the consumer. Others have been produced to numb body and mind alike, and even others to create total body and mind euphoria.
To find out more about individual strains and their characteristics and effects, go to our Strains category. For information on the uplifting, energetic, creative high of Sativa strains, check out our Sativa sub-category. If you’d like to learn more about the sedative, narcotic-like effects of Indica strains, click our Indica sub-category. Click here for Hybrids. And remember, when you’re looking for Colorado Cannabis information - find it at weedsearch.com!